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Sensory Processing

Sensory processing refers to the way the brain receives and responds to information from the sensory systems. The following are the different sensory systems: auditory, visual, oral, tactile, olfactory, proprioceptive and vestibular. Sensory Processing Disorder was formerly known as Sensory Integration Dysfunction and was discovered by Dr. A. Jean Ayres.

Sensory information comes from our skin (tactile), our muscles and joints (proprioceptors), our inner ear (vestibular system), as well as our sense of vision (visual), hearing (auditory), taste/mouth (oral), and smell (olfactory).  Taking in and using this information accurately is necessary for developing feelings of safety and security, all motor and social skills, and our ability to direct and maintain our attention.  It is what allows people to make appropriate responses based on the information that is taken in.  Difficulty taking in or processing sensory information can lead to aggressive behavior, difficulty attending to a task, poor fine and gross motor skills, difficulty responding to demands of the environment, and difficulty bonding and relating to other people.

 

Sensory Processing Resources

The Out of Sync Child by Carol Kranowitz, M. A.

The Out of Sync Child Has Fun by Carol Kranowitz, M. A.

Sensational Kids by Lucy Jane Miller, Ph. D., OTR

The Sensory-Sensitive Child by Karen A. Smith, Ph. D. & Karen R. Gouze, Ph. D.

The Highly Sensitive Child by Elaine N. Aron, Ph. D.